British pronunciation/kˈɑːf/
American pronunciation/ˈkæf/
01

the young offspring of a cow or bull, typically less than one year old

1.1

a young animal, such as a whale, giraffe, elephant, or buffalo, that belongs to a larger species of mammals

1.2

fine leather from the skin of a calf

02

the muscular part at the back of the leg between the knee and the ankle

What is "calf"?

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The calf refers to the muscular area located at the back of the lower leg, between the knee and the ankle. It is primarily formed by the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles, which work together to allow for plantar flexion of the foot (pointing the toes downwards) and assist in walking, running, and jumping movements. The calf muscles are among the strongest in the body and play a crucial role in providing power and propulsion during locomotion. They also contribute to maintaining proper balance and stability. Understanding the anatomy and function of the calf is important for lower limb strength, endurance, and overall lower body performance.

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