Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy
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British pronunciation/ˈɒkjʊlˌɒfɑːɹˌɪndʒiəl mˈʌskjʊlə dˈɪstɹəfi/
American pronunciation/ˈɑːkjʊlˌɑːfɑːɹˌɪndʒiəl mˈʌskjʊlɚ dˈɪstɹəfi/

a rare genetic disorder that primarily affects the muscles of the eyes and throat

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What is "oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy"?

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a genetic disorder that affects the muscles of the eyes and throat. It is characterized by progressive weakness and wasting of these muscles, leading to difficulties with swallowing, speaking, and controlling eye movements. OPMD typically starts in adulthood, usually between the ages of 40 and 60, and can vary widely in intensity between individuals. It is caused by changes in genes that are involved in muscle function. Treatment for OPMD focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may include speech therapy to improve swallowing and communication, dietary changes to make swallowing easier, and assistive devices such as special utensils or feeding tubes if swallowing becomes very difficult. While there is currently no cure for OPMD, ongoing research may lead to new treatments in the future.

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Meaning of "Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy"
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